|16th & 17th century||Shakespeare, and the thriving theater business to which he contributed, performed in public, open air theaters; private, indoor theaters; at court; at the ins-at-court; at the colleges; and on tour from 1576 (when James Burbage opened The Theater in Shoreditch) till 1642 (when the staging of plays was banned by the Puritans who controlled Parliament during the First English Civil War).
|Elizabethan||Queen Elizabeth I ruled England 1559-1603.|
|Jacobean||James I ruled England and Scotland 1603-1625.|
|Renaissance (1450-1600 approx.)||The term “Renaissance” came into use in the later half of the 19th century to describe cultural production in mostly Italy and France. Literary critics and historians began describing Shakespeare as an author belonging to the “English Literary Renaissance” in the early part of the 20th century. Might want to keep in mind: Terms contemporary scholars use to describe the past are “…more typically extensions of the naming practices seen in examples of ‘Renaissance’ businesses found in any telephone directory: labels that seek to suggest qualities in objects, practices, persons, and times that do not obviously possess them” (Douglas Bruster “Shakespeare and the End of History” 149).|
|Early Modern (1500-1700 approx.)||Term applied by scholars and historians in the late 20th century to describe the period defined by events such as the Reformation, the printing press, the Age of Discovery, Vanishing Point Perspective, etc. This term emphasizes and affinity between Shakespeare’s time and post-war America. The term is also useful because, unlike Renaissance, it does not assume that the period prior was somehow dead enough to be reborn.|
|Restoration (1660-1689)||Last gasp of the Tudor/Stuart monarchy and a production of art, especially theater, that advanced impulses similar to those Shakespeare and fellow authors, actors, impresarios. This little slice of English history describes the years Charles II and briefly his brother James II ruled England were restored to the throne in England after eleven years of Parliamentary rule called the Interregnum. The theaters in England remained closed from 1642-1660.|
Part I. Take 10 minutes and read through the draft of the short paper that you brought to class. Once you have finished make note of the following:
- What is your main claim and how have you developed it?
- Do you define your key terms?
- Do you attend to the citations you chose from The Tempest at the sentence level?
- In a couple of sentences describe the next steps you plan to take.
Part II. Push the desks into a circle, and each of you can read her/his paper aloud or describe your claim, terms, and evidence. Take note as your peers read and/or describe their papers, so you can ask questions/make suggestions when they finish speaking.